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Chad

Large areas of Chad are contaminated by landmines and unexploded ordnance (UXO), as a result of the 1973 Libyan invasion and three decades of internal conflict.

LandminesA landmine is defined by the Mine Ban Treaty as "a munition designed to be placed under, on or near the ground or other surface area and to be exploded by the presence, proximity or contact of a person or a vehicle."

Landmines are generally divided into two main groups - anti-personnel and anti-tank - and have four main component parts: an outer structure made of either plastic, wood, metal, Bakelite, rubber or even glass; a fuse or firing mechanism; a detonator; and high explosives.

Some contain thousands of pieces of shrapnel, designed to fire out to great distances, while others have been made with a minimum amount of metal and are therefore difficult to detect using metal detectors.
Unexploded ordnanceExplosive weapons - such as bombs, rockets, missiles, mortars and grenades - that did not explode when they were used and still pose a risk of detonation.
UXO and SALW in Chad

Some of the 3,700 tonnes of dangerous items cleared by MAG from the Goz Beida area in the south-east of Chad.

Credit: MAG Chad


Why MAG is needed in Chad

Landmines and UXO contaminate nine of the country's 22 regions [Landmine & Cluster Munition Monitor].

They maim, kill, obstruct the delivery of humanitarian aid, and impede development and reconstruction initiatives, blocking access to land, water points, roads and economic hubs.

At least 2,864 casualties had been identified by the end of 2011, according to Landmine & Cluster Munition Monitor, with at least 1,149 people killed.

LandminesA landmine is defined by the Mine Ban Treaty as "a munition designed to be placed under, on or near the ground or other surface area and to be exploded by the presence, proximity or contact of a person or a vehicle."

Landmines are generally divided into two main groups - anti-personnel and anti-tank - and have four main component parts: an outer structure made of either plastic, wood, metal, Bakelite, rubber or even glass; a fuse or firing mechanism; a detonator; and high explosives.

Some contain thousands of pieces of shrapnel, designed to fire out to great distances, while others have been made with a minimum amount of metal and are therefore difficult to detect using metal detectors.

Our impact in Chad: 2013 stats

• Land cleared: 401,494m²
Unexploded ordnance: 5,486 items removed and destroyed
• Explosive Ordnance Disposal: 168 spot tasks
• Direct beneficiaries: 16,305

Unexploded ordnanceExplosive weapons - such as bombs, rockets, missiles, mortars and grenades - that did not explode when they were used and still pose a risk of detonation.

Chad: key facts

• Population: 12.5 million
• Life expectancy: 50 years
• Gross National Income per capita: US $740
• People with access to safe drinking water: 51% (Global average 86%)
• People below the poverty line: 80%

Figures: CIA, UNDP, UN Water, World Bank

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