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Chad

Our two-year project in Chad will provide 44,000 people with safe access to agricultural land, food and water, and give safer roads to 423,000.

MAG deminers in Chad

MAG is aiming to make more than 1,000,000 metres² of land in northern Chad safe, as well as 210,000 metres² of road.

Photos: Dan Sissling/MAG


The problems

The United Nations estimates that landmines and unexploded ordnance (UXO) in the Republic of Chad directly affects the lives and livelihoods of more than two million people.

Landmines and UXO kill and maim. They also obstruct the delivery of humanitarian aid, restrict access to basic necessities (such as water, food and productive land), and impede development and reconstruction initiatives.

Of the two million at risk, around 170,000 are internally displaced people – families forced to leave their homes due to conflict – and another 325,000 are refugees who've fled to Chad from other countries. 

LandminesA landmine is defined by the Mine Ban Treaty as "a munition designed to be placed under, on or near the ground or other surface area and to be exploded by the presence, proximity or contact of a person or a vehicle."

Landmines are generally divided into two main groups - anti-personnel and anti-tank - and have four main component parts: an outer structure made of either plastic, wood, metal, Bakelite, rubber or even glass; a fuse or firing mechanism; a detonator; and high explosives.

Some contain thousands of pieces of shrapnel, designed to fire out to great distances, while others have been made with a minimum amount of metal and are therefore difficult to detect using metal detectors.

How MAG is helping in Chad

MAG is currently the only non-governmental organisation making land safe in Chad. Our current two-year project, supported by the European Commission, aims to:

• Give 44,000 people safe access to agricultural land, food and water

• Provide 423,000 people with safer roads and communities

• Train personnel from Chad's National Demining Centre 

This project began in late-2014 and focuses mainly on the northern regions of Borkou, Ennedi and Tibesti, where MAG teams are clearing a minefield laid during Chad's conflict with Libya in the 1980s.

As well as aiding the country's development, the work is supporting Chad's aim to be compliant with Article 5 of the Mine Ban Treaty – which requires the destruction of all anti-personnel landmines in mined areas – by 2019.

MAG Chad deminers with Armtrac

Manual demining teams are being assisted by this Armtrac demining machine (previously purchased with funds from the Japanese Government and United Nations Development Programme). 

non-governmental organisationA non-governmental organisation, or NGO, is a not-for-profit group, principally independent from government, which is organised on a local, national or international level to address issues in support of the public good.

[Source: United Nations, www.unrol.org]
LandminesA landmine is defined by the Mine Ban Treaty as "a munition designed to be placed under, on or near the ground or other surface area and to be exploded by the presence, proximity or contact of a person or a vehicle."

Landmines are generally divided into two main groups - anti-personnel and anti-tank - and have four main component parts: an outer structure made of either plastic, wood, metal, Bakelite, rubber or even glass; a fuse or firing mechanism; a detonator; and high explosives.

Some contain thousands of pieces of shrapnel, designed to fire out to great distances, while others have been made with a minimum amount of metal and are therefore difficult to detect using metal detectors.

How MAG works in Chad

Two manual mine clearance teams and a roving Explosive Ordnance Disposal team, assistd by an Armtrac mechanical demining machine, are expected to make more than 1,000,000 metres² of land in northern Chad safe, as well as 210,000 metres² of road.

Non-technical survey is being carried out in the Moyen Chari region of southern Chad by MAG’s implementing partner, Handicap International. Non-technical surveys involve collecting and analysing information (through assessments, analysis of historical records, and location visits, for example) to assess whether areas are contaminated by landmines.

MAG and Handicap International are also building the capacity of staff at the National Demining Centre, through internationally recognised training.

Explosive Ordnance Disposal'Explosive Ordnance Disposal' (EOD) is the safe removal and controlled destruction of unexploded ordnance.

'Unexploded ordnance' refers to explosive weapons - such as bombs, rockets, missiles, mortars and grenades - that did not explode when they were used and still pose a risk of detonation.
Non-technical surveyNon-Technical Surveys (NTS) involve collecting and analysing information - eg. through desk assessments, analysis of historical records, and location visits - to assess whether areas are contaminated by landmines/unexploded ordnance.LandminesA landmine is defined by the Mine Ban Treaty as "a munition designed to be placed under, on or near the ground or other surface area and to be exploded by the presence, proximity or contact of a person or a vehicle."

Landmines are generally divided into two main groups - anti-personnel and anti-tank - and have four main component parts: an outer structure made of either plastic, wood, metal, Bakelite, rubber or even glass; a fuse or firing mechanism; a detonator; and high explosives.

Some contain thousands of pieces of shrapnel, designed to fire out to great distances, while others have been made with a minimum amount of metal and are therefore difficult to detect using metal detectors.

Our partners in Chad

MAG's work in Chad is supported by:

• European Commission

Other countries MAG works in

Africa

AngolaBurundiDemocratic Republic of CongoLibyaMali • Somalia • South Sudan

Asia

CambodiaLaosMyanmarSri LankaVietnam

Central America

Honduras

Middle East

IraqLebanon

Page updated: 11 December 2014

Our impact here in 2013

• Land cleared: 401,494m²

Unexploded ordnance removed: 5,486

Explosive Ordnance Disposal spot tasks: 168

• Men, women and children we helped: 16,305

MAG in Chad

Programme began: 2004

Our main activities:
Landmines and unexploded ordnance clearance
Battle Area Clearance
Explosive Ordnance Disposal 
Mine Risk Education
Technical and non-technical surveys
Emergency response

Our work supports:
Income-generating agriculture
School and health clinic projects
Chad’s aim to be landmine-free by 2019

About Chad

• Population: 12.5 million

• Life expectancy: 50 years

• Gross National Income per capita: US$740

• People with access to safe drinking water: 51%

• People below the poverty line: 80%

Figures: World Bank, UNDP, UN Water, CIA

Unexploded ordnanceExplosive weapons - such as bombs, rockets, missiles, mortars and grenades - that did not explode when they were used and still pose a risk of detonation.Explosive Ordnance Disposal'Explosive Ordnance Disposal' (EOD) is the safe removal and controlled destruction of unexploded ordnance.

'Unexploded ordnance' refers to explosive weapons - such as bombs, rockets, missiles, mortars and grenades - that did not explode when they were used and still pose a risk of detonation.
LandminesA landmine is defined by the Mine Ban Treaty as "a munition designed to be placed under, on or near the ground or other surface area and to be exploded by the presence, proximity or contact of a person or a vehicle."

Landmines are generally divided into two main groups - anti-personnel and anti-tank - and have four main component parts: an outer structure made of either plastic, wood, metal, Bakelite, rubber or even glass; a fuse or firing mechanism; a detonator; and high explosives.

Some contain thousands of pieces of shrapnel, designed to fire out to great distances, while others have been made with a minimum amount of metal and are therefore difficult to detect using metal detectors.
Battle Area Clearance'Battle Area Clearance' (BAC) refers to the systematic and controlled clearance of hazardous areas where the hazards are known not to include mines.

[Source: A Guide to International Mine Action Standards, Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining]
Risk EducationRisk Education (or Mine Risk Education) refers to activities that seek to reduce the risk of death and injury from landmines and other explosive weapons, and lessen their social and economic impact.

Risk Education includes the provision of safety messages to at-risk individuals and communities, raising awareness of the dangers and promoting safe behaviour.
Non-technical surveyNon-Technical Surveys (NTS) involve collecting and analysing information - eg. through desk assessments, analysis of historical records, and location visits - to assess whether areas are contaminated by landmines/unexploded ordnance.

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